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Table 2 Retarding effect of insoluble fibre of CA on the glucose movement (glucose dialysis retardation index)

From: Anti-hyperglycemic activity of Centella asiatica is partly mediated by carbohydrase inhibition and glucose-fiber binding

Treatment Dialysis for 30 min Dialysis for 60 min
Glucose in Dialysate(mmol/L) Glucose dialysis retardation index (%) Glucose in Dialysate(mmol/L) Glucose dialysis retardation index (%)
CA 250 mg 0.83 ± 0.19 30.25 1.15 ± 0.15 32.75
CA 500 mg 0.76 ± 0.12 35.29 1.09 ± 0.06 36.26
CA 1000 mg 0.65 ± 0.09* 45.38 0.88 ± 0.12* 48.54
CMC 1000 mg 0.62 ± 0.11* 42.86 0.83 ± 0.07* 51.46
Control 1.19 ± 0.21 0 1.71 ± 0.14 0
  1. Data are presented as Mean ± SEM (n = 7). Glucose dialysis retardation index = control (100%) – fibre (% of control value). Mean values marked with an asterisk (*) were significantly different from those of respective control groups (p < 0.05) (derived from repeated-measures ANOVA and adjusted using Bonferroni correction).