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Table 3 Percentage of different types of abnormal sperm in different experimental groups

From: Chlorophytum borivilianum (Safed Musli) root extract prevents impairment in characteristics and elevation of oxidative stress in sperm of streptozotocin-induced adult male diabetic Wistar rats

Parameters Normal Diabetic Diabetic
250 mg/kg C. borivilianum 500 mg/kg C. borivilianum 600 μg/kg glibenclamide
Pin-head sperm 1.03 ± 0.02 8.63* ± 1.05 5.78 ± 0.26 4.82 ± 1.09 8.35 ± 1.06
Banana-head sperm - 13.15 ± 2.24 8.65 ± 1.09 7.52 ± 1.05 5.89 ± 0.85
Rod less sperm - 9.84 ± 1.34 3.16 ± 0.22 2.17 ± 0.07 3.53 ± 0.16
Pin less sperm - 6.39 ± 1.58 2.85 ± 0.11 2.65 ± 0.04 5.18 ± 0.27
Folded tail sperm 1.53 ± 0.03 3.35* ± 0.37 2.59 ± 0.06 0.81 ± 0.06 3.66 ± 0.34
Other shaped sperm - 1.15 ± 0.18 1.25 ± 0.05 1.34 ± 0.05 2.08 ± 0.05
  1. Values are expressed as Mean ± SD of 6 rats, n = 6 per treatment group. *p < 0.01 as compared to control, p < 0.05 as compared to non-treated diabetic rats.