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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of responders

From: Use of phytoestrogens and effects perceived by postmenopausal women: result of a questionnaire-based survey

Features Total Short-term users (≤1 year) Long-term users (>1 year) Difference between short- and long-term users New users
N (%) 190 (100) N (%) 75a(100) N (%) 86a(100) pb N (%) 27a(100)
Age      
Average 57 55 58 0.00*** 56
Range 38-77 45-76 38-74   45-77
Nationality  
Italian 180 (97) 72 (96) 85 (99) 0.22 25 (93)
Not Italian 6 (3) 3 (4) 1 (1) 0.34 2 (7)
Concomitant Disease  
High blood pressure 45 (24) 16 (21) 21 (24) 0.83 8 (30)
Diabetes 4 (2) 1 (1) 1 (1) insufficient observations 2 (7)
Osteoporosis 24 (13) 8 (11) 14 (16) 0.75 2 (7)
Heart disorders 18 (9) 5 (7) 9 (10) 0.58 4 (15)
Circulatory disorders (es. thrombosis) 27 (14) 11 (15) 13 (15) 1.00 3 (11)
High levels of Cholesterol 87 (46) 34 (44) 43 (50) 0.60 11 (41)
Liver diseases 7 (4) 4 (5) 3 (3) 0.71 0 (0)
Hepatic lithiasis (calculus) 17 (9) 6 (8) 8 (9) 0.95 3 (11)
Obesity 18 (9) 6 (8) 8 (9) 0.95 4 (15)
Concomitant Diagnosis  
Fracture of the thigh-bone or spine 3 (2) 2 (3) 1 (1) 0.60 0 (0)
Breast cancer 8 (4) 1 (1) 6 (7) 0.12 1 (4)
Uterine cancer 4 (2) 3 (4) 1 (1) 0.34 0 (0)
Ovarian cancer 1 (1) 0 (0) 1 (1) insufficient observations 0 (0)
Family history of breast cancer 36 (80) 4 (5) 16 (19) 0.02** 6 (22)
Already in the menopausal period 166 (87) 60 (80) 84 (98) 0.00*** 21 (78)
  1. aMissing information on therapy duration in 2 questionnaires; bTwo-sample T-test was used to compare average age, Exact Fisher test was used in case of variables with 5 obs. or less, Two-Sample test of proportions was used for other variables; ***p-value < 0.01; **p-value < 0.05.