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Table 4 Effect of FRG supplementation on lipid levels

From: Postprandial glucose-lowering effects of fermented red ginseng in subjects with impaired fasting glucose or type 2 diabetes: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

  Placebo group (n = 21) FRG group (n = 21) p- value2)
  Baseline Week 4 p- value1) Baseline Week 4 p- value1)  
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.9 ± 0.2 4.8 ± 0.2 NS 5.4 ± 0.2 4.9 ± 0.2 0.008 NS
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.2 ± 0.1 1.1 ± 0.1 0.022 1.3 ± 0.1 1.2 ± 0.1 0.014 NS
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.1 ± 0.2 2.8 ± 0.2 0.005 3.3 ± 0.2 2.9 ± 0.2 0.025 NS
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.6 ± 0.2 1.7 ± 0.2 NS 1.6 ± 0.2 1.9 ± 0.2 NS NS
  1. 1)Analyzed by linear mixed effect model and p-value represents the comparison to the baseline visit. 2)Analyzed by linear mixed effect model and p-value represents the comparison to the placebo group. Data are presented as mean ± SEM.