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Table 3 Effect of FRG supplementation on postprandial glucose and insulin levels

From: Postprandial glucose-lowering effects of fermented red ginseng in subjects with impaired fasting glucose or type 2 diabetes: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

  Placebo group (n = 21) FRG group (n = 21) p- value2)
  Baseline Week 4 p- value1) Baseline Week 4 p- value1)  
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l) 6.4 ± 0.61 6.3 ± 0.6 NS 6.5 ± 0.5 6.1 ± 0.6 0.039 NS
Postprandial plasma glucose2h (mmol/l) 9.0 ± 2.1 8.5 ± 1.9 NS 9.3 ± 2.2 7.7 ± 1.9 0.0001 0.008
AUCglucose (mmol/l) 18.4 ± 0.7 17.3 ± 0.7 0.045 18.6 ± 0.7 13.5 ± 1.6 0.002 0.013
Fasting plasma insulin (μU/ml) 7.4 ± 0.9 6.9 ± 0.6 NS 7.3 ± 1.0 9.0 ± 1.3 NS NS
Postprandial plasma insulin2h (μU/ml) 38.1 ± 3.9 35.5 ± 4.1 NS 39.2 ± 5.6 56.3 ± 9.8 NS 0.040
  1. 1)Analyzed by linear mixed-effect model and the p-value represents the comparison to the baseline visit. 2)Analyzed by linear mixed-effect model and the p-value represents the comparison to the placebo group. Data are presented as the mean ± SEM.