Effects of MME on the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines in LPS-stimulated BV-2 cells. BV-2 cells were treated with various concentrations of MME for 2 h, and then stimulated with LPS (1 μg/mL) for 24 h. TNF-α (A), IL-1β (B), and IL-6 (C) in the cultured media were measured by ELISA. Data are means ± SDs of three independent experiments. a
p < 0.05 indicates significant differences compared to the non-treated group. b
p < 0.05 indicates significant differences compared to the LPS-only group.