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Table 4 Results sensations, pain, fatigue, and limiting effect of sensations, pain, fatigue

From: Yoga management of breast cancer-related lymphoedema: a randomised controlled pilot-trial

VAS Group mean ± SD b-8 Between group changes 0-8   Group mean ± SD 8b-12 Between group changes 8b-12
Variable Gp(n) Week 0 M ± SD Week 8 M ± SD ∆int-∆con 0–8 MD; (95% CI) P(0–8) Variable Gp(n) Week 8b M ± SD Week 12 M ± SD ∆int-∆con 8b-12 MD; (95% CI) P(8b-12)
Sensations
Con(11) 1.97 ± 1.89 2.01 ± 2.15 -0.55; (02.33 to 1.23) 0.345 Con(10) 2.20 ± 2.17 2.20 ± 2.12 0.30; (-1.21 to 1.81) 0.698
Int(12) 2.39 ± 2.12 1.88 ± 1.83 Int(9) 1.96 ± 1.59 2.26 ± 2.29
Pain
Con(11) 1.69 ± 2.31 1.44 ± 2.24 0.06; (-0.74 to 0.87) 0.878 Con(10) 1.57 ± 2.31 1.16 ± 1.48 0.81; (-0.33 to 1.95) 0.165
Int(12) 0.99 ± 1.53 0.80 ± 1.48 Int(9) 1.00 ± 1.67 1.40 ± 1.84
Fatigue
Con(11) 1.71 ± 2.21 2.06 ± 2.52 -1.05; (-2.50 to 0.41) 0.117 Con(10) 2.26 ± 2.56 1.57 ± 1.54 0.42; (-1.45 to 2.30) 0.551
Int(12) 2.58 ± 2.60 1.88 ± 2.23 Int(9) 2.37 ± 2.50 2.10 ± 1.77
Sensations limit activity
Con(11) 1.35 ± 2.81 0.93 ± 1.90 -0.18; (-1.66 to 1.30) 0.793 Con(10) 1.01 ± 1.98 0.8 ± 1.70 0.37; (-0.49 to 1.22) 0.399
Int(12) 1.43 ± 1.76 0.83 ± 0.74 Int(9) 1.20 ± 1.54 1.10 ± 1.54
Pain limit activity
Con(11) 0.57 ± 1.10 1.31 ± 2.39 -0.99; (-2.06 to 0.09) 0.362 Con(10) 1.42 ± 2.49 0.89 ± 1.59 0.72; (-0.80 to 2.24) 0.353
Int(12) 0.81 ± 1.44 0.56 ± 0.58 Int(9) 0.61 ± 0.58 0.80 ± 0.93
Fatigue limit activity
Con(11) 0.69 ± 1.51 1.34 ± 2.57 -1.0-; (-2.44 to 0.27) 0.315 Con(10) 1.46 ± 2.67 1.07 ± 1.74 0.61; (-0.78 to 2.00) 0.389
Int(12) 1.38 ± 1.85 0.93 ± 0.95 Int(9) 1.03 ± 0.95 1.26 ± 1.24
  1. ∆ = change; Gp = Group; M ± SD = Mean ± Standard Deviation; MD = Mean Difference; CI = Confidence Interval; n = number.
  2. Con = control group; Int = intervention group.
  3.  = non-parametric analysis.
  4. B = week 0.