Skip to main content

Table 2 Baseline demographics and medical characteristics of the groups

From: Yoga management of breast cancer-related lymphoedema: a randomised controlled pilot-trial

Characteristics Intervention (n = 12) Cotnrol (n = 11) P valuea
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Age (years) 55.1 ± 2.5 60.5 ± 3.6 0.230
BMI (kg/m2) 29.1 ± 4.6 25.1 ± 4.5 0.023
Range 36-65 34-80  
Number nodes removed 14.3 ± 2.3 11.2 ± 2.7 0.429
Number of positive nodes 1.5 ± 0.5 3.7 ± 2.3 0.321
How long lymphoedema (years) 4.9 ± 1.6 5.1 ± 1.9 0.900
How long post-surgery 1.2 ± 0.4 1.9 ± 0.7 0.822
  n(%) n(%) P value b
Living arrangements    
Live alone 2(14) 3(27) 0.912
Live with others 10(83) 8(73)
Employment    
Home, retired 5(42) 8(73) 0.280
Employed 7(58) 3(27)  
Fitness (self-scored)    
Low 2(17) 1(9)  
Medium 8(67) 8(73) 0.913
High 2(17) 2(18)
Breast cancer surgery    
Lumpectomy 5(42) 3(27) 0.882
Mastectomy 7(58) 8(73)
Type of lymph dissection    
Sentinel node 0 1(9) 0.980
Axillary clearance 12(100) 10(91)
Stage of breast cancer    
DCIS 0 1(9) 0.976
1 3(25) 4(36)
2 6(50) 5(45)
3 3(25) 1(9)
Treatment and effects    
Chemotherapy 8(66) 6(54) 0.867
Effects chemotherapy 7(58) 4(36) 0.525
Radiotherapy 9(75) 7(64) 0.890
Effects radiotherapy 8(67) 3(27) 0.198
Most common area of radiotherapy    
Chest 7(58) 7(64) 0.909
Axilla 2(17) 2(18)
Axilla and chest 3(25) 2(18)
Other post-surgery effetcs    
Post-surgery infection 3(25) 3(27) 0.725
Post-surgery cording 3(25) 3(27) 0.725
Post-surgery fluid removal 9(75) 9(82) 0.913