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Table 2 Baseline for Yoga and control groups as mean ± SD unless indicated

From: A yoga intervention for type 2 diabetes risk reduction: a pilot randomized controlled trial

  Yoga Control
(n = 21) (n = 20)
Age (years) 47.0 ± 9.7 47.2 ± 9.1
Gender (male), n(%) 9 (43) 7 (35)
Diabetes risk factors
Fasting BG (mmol/L) 6.4 ± 0.9 6.7 ± 1.9
Postprandial BG (mmol/L) 8.3 ± 2.6 6.8 ± 1.2
BMI (kg/m2) 28.4 ± 5.3 26.9 ± 3.0
Weight (kg) 69.2 ± 10.8 65.0 ± 7.6
Waist (cm) 92.5 ± 7.3 89.8 ± 7.2
Insulin (pmol/L) 72.3 ± 30.5 57.7 ± 30.1
Insulin resistance 1.4 ± 0.6 1.1 ± 0.6
Systolic (mmHg) 122.9 ± 8.3 127.6 ± 11.4
Diastolic (mmHg) 82.2 ± 9.1 82.3 ± 6.3
LDL (mmol/L) 2.2 ± 0.5 2.2 ± 0.8
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.2 ± 1.2 5.3 ± 0.8
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.9 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 1.2
Psychological factors
Anxiety 7.8 ± 5.3 8.3 ± 5.2
Depression 6.0 ± 4.0 6.8 ± 3.8
Positive affect 24.9 ± 7.7 22.4 ± 11.2
Negative affect 15.4 ± 12.7 17.3 ± 11.6
Perceived stress 18.2 ± 5.4 18.0 ± 5.6
  1. BG fasting blood glucose; BMI body mass index; LDL low-density lipoproteins.