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Table 4 Possible pharmacological mechanisms of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) used for premenstrual syndrome

From: Identifying Chinese herbal medicine for premenstrual syndrome: implications from a nationwide database

Name Ingredients Possible mechanisms of extract of SH
Single herb (SH)   
Cyperus rotundus L. Hydroalcoholic extract Anti-oxidative effect [33]
  Essential oil Anti-oxidative effect [34]
Leonurus heterophyllus Sweet Methanol extract Anti-oxidative effect [35]
Corydalis yanhusuo W. T. Wang Tetrahydropalmatine Anxiolytic effect [36]
Analgesic effect [37]
Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. Miltirone Anxiolytic effect [38]
Salvianolic acid B Anti-depressant effect [39]
  Analgesic effect [40]
  Anti-oxidative effect [41]
Tanshinone IIA Analgesic effect [42]
Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Water extract Anti-oxidative effect [43, 44]
Herbal formula (HF)   
Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San (JWSYS)   Anti-depressant effect on animal model [45, 46]
IL-6 related anti-depressant effect on menopausal women with mood disorder [47]
   Anxiolytic effect on animal model [48]
Reduced proinflammatory cytokine [49]
Dang-Gui-Shao-Yao-San   Anti-depressant effect on animal model [50]
   Anti-oxidative effect in vitro [51]
Wen-Jing-Tang   Anti-depressant effect for menopausal women [52]