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Table 4 Strategies used for depression, stress or worries

From: St John’s wort use in Australian general practice patients with depressive symptoms: their characteristics and use of other health services

  Non-SJW user SJW-user Unadjusted Adjusteda Adjustedb Adjustedc
  (N = 7112, N%)* (N = 320, N%)* OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Exercise 3207 (45.1) 256 (80.0) 3.99 (3.22, 4.95) 3.54 (2.90, 4.32) 3.51 (2.88, 4.27) 3.26 (2.63, 4.03)
Yoga 670 (9.4) 106 (33.1) 3.98 (3.09, 5.12) 3.24 (2.56, 4.09) 3.21 (2.52, 4.11) 3.03 (2.34, 3.92)
Counselling 896 (12.6) 138 (43.1) 4.75 (3.47, 6.49) 4.07 (2.93, 5.66) 3.92 (2.81, 5.48) 3.45 (2.38, 5.01)
Hypnosis 88 (1.2) 25 (7.8) 6.57 (3.53, 12.21) 5.87 (3.15, 10.93) 5.87 (3.19, 10.81) 5.31 (2.90, 9.74)
Depression medication 1222 (17.2) 129 (40.3) 3.21 (2.41, 4.26) 2.96 (2.24, 3.90) 2.81 (2.10, 3.78) 2.40 (1.71, 3.35)
Sleeping medication 828 (11.6) 96 (30.0) 3.07 (2.18, 4.32) 3.04 (2.17, 4.27) 2.89 (2.07, 4.03) 2.46 (1.73, 3.52)
Acupuncture 134 (1.9) 42 (13.1) 7.20 (4.44, 11.66) 6.62 (4.09, 10.70) 6.20 (3.86, 9.95) 6.00 (3.71, 9.69)
Relaxation/Meditation 1026 (14.4) 154 (48.1) 4.76 (3.91, 5.80) 4.09 (3.41, 4.90) 3.95 (3.27, 4.76) 3.70 (3.04, 4.50)
Massage/Touch therapy 999 (14.0) 136 (42.5) 4.05 (3.18, 5.15) 3.30 (2.66, 4.10) 3.25 (2.59, 4.08) 3.12 (2.48, 3.91)
Aromatherapy 411 (5.8) 91 (28.4) 6.16 (4.61, 8.22) 4.70 (3.59, 6.15) 4.62 (3.51, 6.09) 4.30 (3.26, 5.67)
Changed diet 1235 (17.4) 137 (42.8) 3.34 (2.70, 4.13) 2.90 (2.33, 3.62) 2.82 (2.27, 3.50) 2.59 (2.04, 3.28)
Reduced alcohol or drug 671 (9.4) 94 (29.4) 3.72 (3.02, 4.59) 3.57 (2.88, 4.42) 3.30 (2.61, 4.16) 2.95 (2.32, 3.76)
Attended self-help group       
For emotional wellbeing 158 (2.2) 31 (9.7) 4.44 (2.81, 7.00) 4.02 (2.57, 6.29) 3.49 (2.18, 5.60) 3.10 (1.94, 4.93)
For alcohol or drugs 34 (0.5) 8 (2.5) 5.45 (2.30, 12.93) 5.36 (2.18, 13.19) 4.53 (1.74, 11.76)d 3.96 (1.38, 11.32)e
Read a self-help book 921 (13.0) 163 (50.9) 6.21 (4.79, 8.07) 5.34 (4.15, 6.87) 5.17 (3.97, 6.72) 4.69 (3.54, 6.21)
Prayer 1181 (16.6) 112 (35.0) 2.72 (2.22, 3.33) 2.49 (2.02, 3.07) 2.41 (1.95, 2.99) 2.21 (1.78, 2.75)
Educational/Therapeutic websites 173 (2.4) 40 (12.5) 5.27 (3.41, 8.15) 4.41 (2.91, 6.68) 4.26 (2.78, 6.54) 3.63 (2.38, 5.54)
Telephone helpline 123 (1.7) 24 (7.5) 4.51 (2.79, 7.31) 3.55 (2.11, 5.99) 3.15 (1.81, 5.51) 2.45 (1.36, 4.42)d
Talked to family or friends 2724 (38.3) 218 (68.1) 3.06 (2.37, 3.97) 2.49 (1.86, 3.33) 2.40 (1.79, 3.23) 2.15 (1.56, 2.96)
  1. OR = odds ratio. *Denominators may vary due to missing data. Odds ratios, 95% confidence intervals and P values with logistic regression using generalised estimating equations with robust standard errors.
  2. aAdjusted for age, gender and general practice location.
  3. bAdjusted for age, gender, general practice location and health rate.
  4. cAdjusted for age, gender, general practice location, health rate and depression score.
  5. All p values <0.001, except where indicated otherwise; d p-value < 0.01 e p-value < 0.1.