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Table 3 Health Service Use of diamond study participants

From: St John’s wort use in Australian general practice patients with depressive symptoms: their characteristics and use of other health services

  Non-SJW user SJW-user Unadjusted P Adjusteda P Adjustedb P Adjustedc P
  (N = 7112, N %)* (N = 320, N%) OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)  
≥5 Visits to GP 3072 (43.3) 164 (51.3) 1.39 (1.06, 1.82) 0.02 1.47 (1.12, 1.94) 0.006 1.39 (1.06, 1.82) 0.02 1.26 (0.97, 1.65) 0.09
Visits to 4686 (69.7) 238 (78.8) 1.46 (1.17, 1.84) 0.001 1.48 (1.19, 1.86) 0.001 1.41 (1.13, 1.77) 0.003 1.33 (1.05, 1.67) 0.02
Traditional           
Visits to           
Alternative 1832 (26.6) 168 (54.0) 3.02 (2.34, 3.90) <0.001 2.72 (2.12, 3.49) <0.001 2.77 (2.16, 3.55) <0.001 2.76 (2.15, 3.55) <0.001
  1. OR = odds ratio. GP = General Practitioner. *Denominators may vary due to missing data. †Odds ratios, 95% confidence intervals and P values with logistic regression using generalised estimating equations with robust standard errors.
  2. Traditional includes: hospital doctor; specialist doctor; physiotherapist; psychologist; counsellor; psychiatrist; nurse; social worker; alcohol and drug worker; family therapist. ‡Alternative includes: chiropractor; naturopath; homeopath; acupuncturist; other natural therapist.
  3. aAdjusted for age, gender and general practice location.
  4. bAdjusted for age, gender, general practice location and health rate.
  5. cAdjusted for age, gender, general practice location, health rate and depression score.