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Table 1 Socio-demographic and disease-related characteristics of the study population (n = 333) and their association with CAM use

From: Prevalence and correlates of complementary and alternative medicine use among diabetic patients in Beirut, Lebanon: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Overall (n = 333) CAM users (n = 127) CAM non-users (n = 206) OR (95% CI)
Site/Medical Center (n = 333)     
AUB-MC 154(46.2) 50(32.5) 104(67.5) 1
RHUH 179(53.8) 77(43.0) 102(57.0) 1.57(1.00-2.46)
Age (years) (mean ± SD) (n = 333) 60.20 ± 11.89 58.52 ± 10.98 61.20 ± 12.33 0.98(0.96-1.00)
Sex (n = 333)     
Male 184(55.3) 76(41.3) 108(58.7) 1
Female 149(44.7) 51(34.2) 98(65.8) 0.74(0.47-1.16)
Place of birth (n = 333)     
Village 95(28.5) 42(44.2) 53(55.8) 1
Town-city 238(71.5) 85(35.7) 153(64.3) 0.70(0.43-1.14)
Marital status (n = 333)     
Not married 95(28.5) 26(27.4) 69(72.6) 1
Married 238(71.5) 101(42.4) 137(57.6) 1.96(1.16-3.29)
Education (n = 331)     
Illiterate 39(11.8) 15(38.5) 24(61.5) 1
Elementary school 119(36.0) 53(44.5) 66(55.5) 1.28(0.613-2.69)
High school 87(26.3) 31(35.6) 56(64.4) 0.89(0.41-1.93)
University level 86(26.0) 26(30.2) 60(69.8) 0.69(0.31-1.53)
Employment (n = 333)     
Not employed 221(66.4) 83(37.6) 138(62.4) 1
Employed 112(33.6) 44(39.3) 68(60.7) 1.08(0.67-1.72)
Presence of health insurance (n = 332)     
Uninsured 187(56.3) 79(42.2) 108(57.8) 1
Insured 145(43.7) 48(33.1) 97(66.9) 0.68(0.43-1.06)
Monthly income (n = 286)     
500-1000$ 59(20.6) 32(54.2) 27(45.8) 1
<500$ 117(40.9) 41(35.0) 76(65.0) 0.45(0.24-0.86)
>1000$ 110(38.5) 38(34.5) 72(65.5) 0.44(0.23-0.85)
Diabetes related characteristics     
Age at diagnosis of T2DM (years) (mean ± SD) (n = 333) 49.09 ± 12.27 46.28 ± 10.546 50.83 ± 12.940 0.97(0.95-1.01)
Duration of T2DM (years) (mean ± SD) (n = 333)     
1-2 years 59(17.7) 12(20.3) 47(79.7) 1
3-5 years 52(15.6) 22(42.3) 30(57.7) 2.87(1.24-6.65)
6-10 years 79(23.7) 34(43.0) 45(57.0) 2.96(1.36-6.42)
11-15 years 63(18.9) 22(34.9) 41(65.1) 2.10(0.93-4.76)
>15 years 80(24.0) 37(46.3) 43(53.8) 3.37(1.56-7.29)
Family history of diabetes mellitus (n = 333)     
No 151(45.3) 53(35.1) 98(64.9) 1
Yes 182(54.7) 74(40.7) 108(59.3) 1.25(1.10-1.38)
Presence of diabetes complications (n = 333)     
No 138(41.4%) 44(31.9) 94(68.1) 1
Yes 195(58.6%) 83(42.6) 112(57.4) 1.58(1.003-2.50)