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Table 4 Summary data on DS Use in United States national surveys

From: A systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of dietary supplement use by military personnel

Survey Study Survey year(s) N Reporting timeframe Prevalence (%)
      Any VM Multivitamin Vitamin C Vitamin E Calcium
      Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Subar & Block [57] 1987 9,160 ♂, 12,920 ♀ Daily Use 19 27 15 20 7 8 4 5 3 10
Slesinski et al. [54] 1992 5,120 ♂, 6,885 ♀ Daily Use 20 27 17 22 7 8 4 5 2 8
Millen et al. [55] 2000 34,085 ♂ & ♀ Daily Use 29 39 24 33 10 12 10 13 4 17
National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) Koplan et al. [58] 1976-1980 5,915 ♂, 6,588 ♀ Use ≥ 1 time/wk 30 40 ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND
Balluz et al. [59] 1988-1994 33,905 ♂ & ♀ Use in Last Month 35 44 ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND
Radimer et al. [60] 1999-2000 2,260 ♂, 2,602 ♀ Use in Last month 46 57 32 38 12 13 12 14 4 16
  Kennedy et al. [61] 2007-2008 3,364 ♂ & ♀ Use in Last Month 42 54 ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND
  1. Abbreviations: VM = vitamin and/or mineral; ♂ = men; ♀ = women; ND = no data; wk = week.