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Table 5 Outcomes of randomized controlled trials comparing Acupuncture and Moxibustion Combined (AMC) with acupuncture

From: Acupuncture and moxibustion for lateral elbow pain: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Studies Intervention and number of subjects Outcome measurement Outcomes** (Cured no./Total no., Cured %) Treatment effect:
  Group 1 Group 2   Group 1 Group 2 Cured rate: RR (95% CI)
Li (1998) [28] AMC Acupuncture Pain relief: cured rate based on subjective report 49/60 15/30 1.63 (1.12 to 2.38)
N = 60 N = 30 81.7% 50% P = 0.01*
Liu (2008) [23] AMC Acupuncture Pain relief and range of movement: cured rate based on subjective report 28/37 6/26 3.28 (1.58 to 6.77)
N = 37 N = 26 76% 23% P = 0.0013*
Shen (1999) [20] AMC Electro-acupuncture Pain relief and range of movement: cured rate based on subjective report 10/27 32/41 0.47 (0.28 to 0.80)
N = 27 N = 41 37% 78% P = 0.005*
Wang (2007) [24] AMC Acupuncture Pain relief and range of movement: cured rate based on subjective report 22/36 9/36 2.44 (1.31 to 4.56)
N = 36 N = 36 61.1% 25% P = 0.005*
Wang (2008) [25] AMC Acupuncture Pain relief and range of movement: cured rate based on subjective report 15/32 6/32 2.50 (1.11 to 5.62)
N = 32 N = 32 46.9% 18.8% P = 0.03*
Wu (2003) [26] AMC Acupuncture Pain relief and range of movement: cured rate based on subjective report 56/74 13/52 3.03 (1.86 to 4.93)
N = 74 N = 52 75% 25% P < 0.0001*
Zhao (2003) [27] AMC Acupuncture Pain relief and range of movement: cured rate based on subjective report 23/25 16/24 1.38 (1.02 to 1.87)
N = 25 N = 24 92% 66.6% P = 0.04*
  1. *: P < 0.05 statistically significant difference between two groups. **: Outcomes were measured at the end of last treatment, except for those specifically mentioned.
  2. 95% CI, 95% Confidence Interval; AMC, acupuncture and moxibustion combined; RR, Relative Risk.