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Table 3 Diet restrictions related to the use of complementary alternative medicine (CAM) in adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD: n = 97) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA: n = 50)

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use in adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease and juvenile idiopathic arthritis

  IBD patients using a special diet JIA patients using a special diet Total study group (n = 147)
No. of patients with a special diet (percentage of total respondents) 53 (54.6%)* 14 (28%)* 67 (45.6%)
  CAM users Non-users CAM users Non-users CAM users Non-users
  n = 52 n = 45 n = 19 n = 31 n = 71 n = 76
No. of patients with special diets 36 (69.2%) 17 (37.8%) 10 (52.6%) 4 (12.9%) 46 (64.8%)** 21 (27.6%)**
Non-dairy (% of the patients on a special diet) 30.6% 23.5% 10% 25% 26% 23.8%
Lactose-free (% of the patients on a special diet) 22.2% 47.1% 40% 75% 26% 52.4%
Gluten-free (% of the patients on a special diet) 19.4% 11.8% 10% 0% 17.4% 9.5%
Avoidance of fruits/vegetables (% of the patients on a special diet) 27.8% 17.6% 40% 0% 37% 14.3%
  1. *difference between IBD and JIA patients: p < 0.002; **difference between CAM users and non-users: p < 0.0001.