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Table 1 Quantification of mean vascular density (MVD) following various treatments in mouse sponge implantation assay

From: Ardisia crispa roots inhibit cyclooxygenase and suppress angiogenesis

Treatment Mean vascular density (MVD) ± SEM % inhibition
VEGF 11.17 ± 2.442 -
VEGF + 1% DMSO (vehicle) 7.76 ± 2.348 -
VEGF + licofelone 3.67 ± 0.843b 67.14
VEGF + ACRH 5.00 ± 0.894a 55.23
VEGF + QRF 2.83 ± 0.833b,A 74.66
  1. Data were presented as Mean ± SEM. Values with different superscript letters within the same column are statistically different aP < 0.05; bP < 0.01 compared to control group (VEGF), while AP < 0.05 compared to control group (VEGF + 1% DMSO), determined by one-way ANOVA and LSD post-hoc test.