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Table 2 Per cent of total fatty acid composition of plant extracts

From: Anti-hyperglycemic effects of three medicinal plants in diabetic pregnancy: modulation of T cell proliferation

  (A) Ethanolic extract (B) Ether (Et2O) extract (C) Ethyl acetate extract (D) Butanolic extract (E) Residual Aqueous extract
Fatty acids (%) P. nitida N. latifolia O. abyssinica P. nitida N. latifolia O. abyssinica P. nitida N. latifolia O. abyssinica P. nitida N. latifolia O. abyssinica P. nitida N. latifolia O. abyssinica
C14:0 0.0 1.4 ± 0.1 3.6 ± 0.1* 1.2 ± 0.09 8.0 ± 0.5* 8.8 ± 0.5* 0.0 0.0 3.4 ± 0.7* ND ND ND ND ND ND
C16:0 23.8 ± 1.2 44.2 ± 2.6* 51.4 ± 3.1* 2.0 ± 0.1 36.3 ± 1.6* 38.9 ± 4.0* 22.9 ± 1.2 4.5 ± 0.6* 54.9 ± 4.1* 27.3 ± 1.2 40.5 ± 2.9* 42.1 ± 3.9* 29.9 ± 2.3 0.0* 70.5 ± 4.9*
C18:0 7.4 ± 0.6 15.4 ± 1.5* 12.5 ± 0.9* 22.2 ± 1.9 38.6 ± 2.8* 11.2 ± 0.8* 4.4 ± 0.1 10.6 ± 1.2* 6.8 ± 0.6 9.5 + 1.2 22.6 ±1.6* 22.1 ± 1.7* 10.2 ± 1.2 21.3 ± 2.1* 13.4 ± 0.9
∑ SFA 31.2 61.0 67.5 25.4 82.9 58.9 27.3 15.1 65.1 36.8 63.1 64.2 40.1 21.3 83.9
C16:1 3.7 ± 0.9 19.9 ± 1.5* 16.7 ± 0.8* 13.0 ± 1.1* 0.0* 3.2 ± 0.1* 2.8 ± 0.08 51.0 ± 3.5* 12.0 ± 0.4* 9.3 ± 0.5 29.6 ± 2.5* 32.4 ± 0.9* 27.0 ± 3.3 60.6 ± 5.7* 16.1 ± 1.1*
C18:1 61.6 ± 1.9 13.0 ± 1.0* 8.6 ± 0.4* 17.4 ± 1.1* 9.5 ± 0.7* 5.7 ± 0.9* 66.9 ± 1.6 22.4 ± 3.2* 10.2 ± 0.9* 52.0 + 3.8 5.5 ± 0.1* 1.9 ± 0.09* 32.9 ± 3.1 18.1 ± 1.0* 0.0
∑ MUFA 65.3 32.9 25.3 30.4 9.5 8.9 69.7 73.4 22.2 61.3 35.1 34.3 59.9 78.7 16.1
C18:2n-6 (LA) ND ND ND 16.5 ± 1.0 7.6 ± 0.9* 15.9 ± 1.0 ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND
C20:4n-6 (AA) ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND
∑ n-6 PUFA ND ND ND 16.5 7.6 15.9 ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND
C18:3n-3 (LNA) 3.6 ± 0.2 6.1 ± 0.9* 7.1 ± 0.9* 27.6 ± 2.5 ND 16.3 ± 1.1* 3.0 ± 0.2 11.5 ± 1.6* 12.8 ± 0.5* 1.9 ± 0.1 1.8 ± 0.2 1.5 ± 0.05 ND ND ND
C20:5n-3 (EPA) ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND
C22:6n-3 (DHA) ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND
∑ n-3 PUFA 3.6 6.1 7.1 27.6 ND 16.3 3.0 11.5 12.8 1.9 1.8 1.5 ND ND ND
Total FA 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
  1. Fatty acid compositions were determined as described in Methods section. Values are mean ± SEM. Each value represents the mean of three determinations. * p < 0.05 indicated significant differences as compared to Picralima nitida extract. ND = not detectable. MUFA: monounsaturated fatty acids; SFA: saturated fatty acids; PUFA: polyunsaturated fatty acids.
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