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Table 3 Serum P1NP (median (range)), osteocalcin (mean ± SE) and CTX (median (range)) before and after massage or the control period

From: Thai traditional massage increases biochemical markers of bone formation in postmenopausal women: a randomized crossover trial

  Baseline After massage P
P1NP 45.2 (40.2–50.3) 48.5 (44.2–53.3) <0.01
Osteocalcin 22.8 ± 1.0 22.9 ± 0.8 NS
CTX 0.38 (0.33–0.43) 0.39 (0.34–0.43) NS
  Baseline After control period P
P1NP 45.8 (41.9–50.1) 46.0 (42.0–50.4) NS
Osteocalcin 23.0 ± 0.9 23.0 ± 0.9 NS
CTX 0.38 (0.34–0.43) 0.38 (0.34–0.43) NS
  1. Serum P1NP increased significantly after massage.