Skip to main content

Table 4 Biochemical and antioxidant properties of Malaysian honey samples

From: Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Malaysian honeys produced by Apis cerana, Apis dorsata and Apis mellifera

Sample Total phenolics mean ± SD (mg galic acid/kg) Total flavonoids mean ± SD (mg catechin/kg) FRAP values mean ± SD (μM Fe (II)/100 g) Proline mean ± SD (mg/kg) Protein mean ± SD (g/kg)
Acacia (A. mellifera) 186.70 ± 0.84d 21.95 ± 1.73d 100.90 ± 2.44c 517.55 ± 1.48b 2.04 ± 0.01d
Pineapple (A. mellifera) 226.29 ± 1.18b 37.39 ± 0.90b 87.47 ± 1.10d 628.69 ± 3.75a 2.69 ± 0.01b
Borneo (A. cerana) 206.33 ± 1.05c 25.81 ± 0.64c 256.64 ± 0.60b 176.64 ± 2.31d 2.16 ± 0.02c
Tualang (A. dorsata) 352.73 ± 0.81a 65.65 ± 0.74a 576.91 ± 0.64a 248.53 ± 1.33c 4.83 ± 0.02a
Mean±SD 243.01 ± 74.91 37.70 ± 19.75 255.48 ± 227.63 392.85 ± 215.05 2.93 ± 1.30
  1. Means were compared by using one-way ANOVA with post hoc multiple comparisons. In each column, values with different letters (superscripts) indicate significant differences (p < 0.05).
\