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Figure 3 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Figure 3

From: Cardiotonic pill attenuates white matter and hippocampal damage via inhibiting microglial activation and downregulating ERK and p38 MAPK signaling in chronic cerebral hypoperfused rat

Figure 3

Effects of CP on hippocampal levels of inflammatory mediators in chronic BCCAo rats. (A) Representative western blot of COX-2, IL-1β, and IL-6. (B) The levels of inflammatory mediators (COX-2, IL-1β, and IL-6) were increased in the BCCAo + Vehicle group (n = 8), compared to the sham-control group (n = 8,*). CP administration (n = 8) attenuated the increased levels of hippocampal inflammatory mediators induced by chronic BCCAo (#).

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