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Figure 2 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Figure 2

From: Healing effects of Musa sapientum var. paradisiaca in diabetic rats with co-occurring gastric ulcer: cytokines and growth factor by PCR amplification

Figure 2

Effects of ethanolic extract of fruit pulp of Musa sapientum (MSE, 100 mg/kg × 10 days), omeprazole (OMZ, 2 mg/kg × 10 days), insulin (INS, 4U/kg × 10 days) and pentoxyphylline (PTX, 10 mg/kg × 10 days) on rat gastric ulcer index and gastric mucosal cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF- α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and transforming growth factor- α (TGF- α) as ratio to β actin in acetic acid (AA)-induced gastric ulcer in normal (NR) and diabetic (DR) rats. Results are mean + SEM, 4 animals in cytokines and growth factor study and 6 animals in gastric ulcer study. CMC, MSE, OMZ and PTX were administered orally while; INS was given by subcutaneous route. * P <0.05 compared to NS group, a P <0.05 compared to NR + AA group and + P <0.05 compared to DR + AA group (Statistical analysis was done by one way ANOVA followed by Dunnett’s test for multiple comparisons).

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