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Table 4 Change scores for patients receiving acupuncture and self-management compared with patients receiving acupuncture only

From: Patient outcomes and experiences of an acupuncture and self-care service for persistent low back pain in the NHS: a mixed methods approach

  Post-treatment change scores p-value Follow-up change scores p-value
  Ac Ac + SM   Ac Ac + SM  
BQ total score -4.6 -16.6 0.022 -2.1 -13.3 0.047
EQ-5D - index 0.15 0.36 0.057 0.10 0.31 0.057
EQ-5D – VAS 7.1 4.5 0.845 0.7 6.8 0.334
PSEQ 2.5 6.9 0.261 0.6 7.6 0.061
Physical activity 0.7 0.4 0.749 0.5 0.8 0.911
Understanding of pain 1.3 2.2 0.256 0.9 1.7 0.534
Positivity 0.5 1.8 0.158 -0.2 1.8 0.063
Hope 0.5 1.2 0.188 -0.7 0.8 0.041
Ability to face up to health problems 0.0 0.2 0.833 -0.8 0.6 0.050
Relaxation 1.3 0.9 0.492 0.1 1.3 0.107