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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Patient outcomes and experiences of an acupuncture and self-care service for persistent low back pain in the NHS: a mixed methods approach

Characteristics Figures
Gender mean 35% Males; 65% females
Age mean 47 years old, range 18 - 83
Ethnicity  
White 39%
Afro-Caribbean/African 14%
Asian 9%
Arabic 9%
Mixed 6%
White-European 6%
Other 7%
Missing 10%
Mean time current painful episode has lasted 78 wks, range 0.5 – 1092
Have previously experienced a complaint similar current episode 74%
Majority have pain in:  
Lower back 91%
Leg or knee 53%
Shoulders 40%
Neck 39%
Pain in more than one area of the body 80%
Pain in more than two areas of the body 46%
Taking pain medication 78%
Reporting anxiety and depression  
Moderate 54%
Extreme 16%