Skip to main content

Table 3 CAM use information and comparisons between CM and WM hospitals

From: Features of complementary and alternative medicine use by patients with coronary artery disease in Beijing: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics N CM hospital WM hospital P
Patients analyzed 546 282 264  
CAM users (%) 377 (69.0) 257 (91.1) 120 (45.5) <0.01
Frequency     
  Continuous / intermittent or once 132 / 245 113 / 144 19 / 101 <0.01 (OR = 4.17, 95% CI = 2.41 - 7.22)
Patterns (%)     
  Chinese patent prescription 342 (90.7) 237 (69.3) 105 (30.7) 0.14
  Nutrient supplements 204 (54.1) 136 (66.7) 68(33.3) 0.50
  Exercise 129 (34.2) 81 (62.8) 48 (37.2) 0.11
  Herbal decoction 280 (74.3) 224 (80.0) 56 (20.0) <0.01
  Acupuncture 52 (13.8) 42 (80.8) 10 (19.2) 0.04
  Others 18 (4.8) 13 (72.2) 5 (27.8) 0.71
Perceived effectiveness     
  Effective / ineffective 286 / 91 217 / 40 69 / 51 <0.01 (OR = 4.01, 95% CI = 2.45 - 6.58)
Reasons for CAM use (n = 377)     
  Fewer side effects 187 (49.6) 135 (72.2) 52 (27.8) 0.10
  Effective and mild action 155 (41.1) 132 (85.2) 23 (14.8) <0.01
  Treating root cause 106 (28.1) 97 (91.5) 9 (8.5) <0.01
  Economic 79 (21.0) 58 (73.4) 21 (26.6) 0.26
  Health preserving effect 37 (9.8) 27 (73.0) 10 (27.0) 0.51
  Without invasive examination 30 (8.0) 18 (60) 12 (40) 0.32
  Others 5 (1.3) 3 (60) 2 (40) 0.69
Reasons for non-CAM use (n = 169)     
  Terrible taste 59 (34.9) 12 (20.3) 47 (79.7) 0.14
  Slower effectual procedure 77 (45.6) 9 (11.7) 68 (88.3) 0.30
  Afraid of fake CAM products 29 (17.2) 4 (13.8) 25 (86.2) 0.87
  Doubt of effect 104 (61.5) 2 (1.9) 102 (98.1) <0.01
  Inconvenient 94 (55.6) 15 (16.0) 79 (84.0) 0.63
  Afraid of acupuncture 23 (13.6) 4 (17.4) 19 (82.6) 0.71
  Others 7 (4.1) 2 (28.6) 5 (71.4) 0.29
CAM preferred for future (n = 169)     
  Patent herbal medicine 137 (81.1) 23 (16.8) 114 (83.2) 0.13
  Herbal decoction 54 (32.0) 12 (22.2) 42 (77.8) 0.06
  Nutrient supplements 112 (66.3) 18 (16.1) 94 (83.9) 0.51
  Exercise 36 (21.3) 8 (22.2) 28 (77.8) 0.15
  Acupuncture 40 (23.7) 9 (22.5) 31 (77.5) 0.12
  Others 13 (7.7) 4 (30.8) 9 (69.2) 0.09
  1. CM, Chinese medical; WM, western medical; CAM, complementary and alternative medicine; OR, odds ratio; Cl, confidence interval.