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Table 1 Medicinal mushrooms used in this study, their common names, and culinary nature

From: Neurite outgrowth stimulatory effects of culinary-medicinal mushrooms and their toxicity assessment using differentiating Neuro-2a and embryonic fibroblast BALB/3T3

Mushroom species Voucher number Common names Local names (in Malay) Part used Edible/ Wild/ Medicinal properties References
culinary cultivated
Pleurotus giganteus KLU -M 1227 Zhudugu, cow’s stomach mushroom Cendawan seri pagi (morning glory), perut lembu (cow’s stomach) Fruiting body Culinary Cultivated Antioxidant, neurite outgrowth simulation [10, 13]
Pleurotus pulmonarius KLU-M 1309 Grey oyster mushroom Cendawan tiram kelabu (grey oyster) Fruiting body Culinary Cultivated Antioxidant, anti-diabetic [14]
Lignosus rhinocerotis Purchased from Ligno Biotek Sdn Bhd Tiger milk mushroom, Cendawan susu rimau Sclerotium and mycelium Non-culinary but edible Cultivated Anticancer, anti-inflammatory, neurite outgrowth stimulation [8, 15]
(tiger’s milk)
Hericium erinaceus KLU-M 1232 Monkey’s head mushroom, lion’s mane mushroom, Yamabushitake Cendawan bunga kubis Fruiting body Culinary Cultivated Anti-ulcer, neurite outgrowth stimulation [7, 1618]
(cauliflower)
Ganoderma lucidum KLU-M 1233 Lingzhi, reishi Cendawan merah (red mushroom) Fruiting body Non-culinary but edible Cultivated Anticancer, neuroprotection [19]
Ganoderma neo-japonicum KLU-M 1231 Purple reishi Cendawan senduk (cobra mushroom) Fruiting body Non-culinary but edible Wild Antioxidant, antihepatoxic, neurite outgrowth stimulation [9, 20]
Cordyceps militaris Purchased from BioFact Life Sdn Bhd Winter worm summer grass, caterpillar fungus - Fruiting body (ascocarp) Non-culinary but edible Cultivated Anti-inflammatory, anticancer, relief respiratory disorders [21]
Grifola frondosa KLU- M 1229 Maitake, hen of the woods Cendawan maitake Fruiting body Culinary Cultivated Anti-inflammatory, anti-cholesterol [22]