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Table 1 Inhibitory effect of extracts, fractions, and compounds isolated from A. victorialis on AR and AGEs formation

From: Effects of Allium victorialis leaf extracts and its single compounds on aldose reductase, advanced glycation end products and TGF-β1 expression in mesangial cells

No. Extracts, fractions, and isolated compounds Mw AR IC50 AGEs IC50
1 Kaempferol 3,7,4’-O-β-D-triglucopyranoside 772.66 >50 μM >100 μM
2 Kaempferol 3,7-O-β-D-diglucopyranoside 610.52 >50 μM 56.44±1.39 μM
3 Kaempferol 3,4’-O-β-D-diglucopyranoside 610.52 9.77±0.33 μM 59.66±1.22 μM
4 Quercitrin 448.38 0.17±0.10 μM 4.20±0.04 μM
5 Kaempferol 286.24 1.10±0.63 μM 36.01±1.40 μM
6 Quercetin 302.24 3.61±0.19 μM 27.10±0.11 μM
7 4-Hydroxycinnamic acid 164.16 >50 μM 9.92±0.11 μM
8 Ferulic acid 194.16 >50 μM 7.50±0.20 μM
9 A. victorialis 50% EtOH   >10 μg/ml >75 μg/ml
10 A. victorialis EtOAc   7.53±0.02 μg/ml 30.13±1.68 μg/ml
11 A. victorialis BuOH   >10 μg/ml >75 μg/ml
12 Tetramethyleneglutaric acid 186.20 5.07±0.06 μM (0.94±0.01 μg/ml) -
13 Aminoguanidine 74.1 - 1.03±0.07 mM (76.47±4.81 μg/ml)