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Table 3 Expectations for medical and chiropractic treatment of low back pain

From: Perspectives of older adults on co-management of low back pain by doctors of chiropractic and family medicine physicians: a focus group study

  MD clinic (n = 8) DC clinic (n = 6) Senior center (n = 12) Senior housing (n = 22)
Medical treatments for LBP M M D1 D C C C H H H
  1 2 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 3
Pain relief expected  
Prescription medicine suggested
X-ray or diagnostic tests performed
Self-care/exercise recommendations  
Referral to specialist or pain clinic  
Surgery or injection recommendation    
Referral to doctor of chiropractic       
Chiropractic treatments for LBP M M D D C C C H H H
  1 2 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 3
Pain relief expected  
Hands-on treatment/adjustment given  
Treatment of the cause of LBP problem  
Loosen up joints/maintain mobility     
Other modalities (TENS, instruments)  
X-ray or diagnostic tests performed      
Chiropractic maintenance care helps  
Adjustment provides short-term relief      
Treatment approaches vary by DC     
Referral to medical doctor      
Self-care/exercise recommendations          
  1. MD = Medical Doctor.
  2. DC = Doctor of Chiropractic.
  3. LBP = Low back pain.
  4. M# = Medical clinic focus group 1 or 2.
  5. D# = Chiropractic clinic focus group 1 or 2.
  6. C# = Senior center focus group 1, 2 or 3.
  7. H# = Senior housing focus group 1, 2 or 3.
  8. TENS = Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.