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Table 2 Mean HRQOL change scores, paired T-tests

From: Dragon boat racing and health-related quality of life of breast cancer survivors: a mixed methods evaluation

Measure N Mean change (SD) 95% confidence interval ES p-value
FACT-G 100 2.77 (7.09) 1.37, 4.18 0.22 <0.001
FACT-B 100 3.73 (8.90) 1.96, 5.50 0.23 <0.001
Physical Well-Being 100 0.51 (1.69) 0.18, 0.85 0.16 0.003
Functional Well-Being 100 0.77 (3.23) 0.13, 1.41 0.18 0.019
Emotional Well-Being 100 0.84 (2.35) 0.38, 1.31 0.25 <0.001
Social/Family Well-Being 100 0.64 (3.37) −0.02, 1.31 0.13 0.059
Breast Cancer Concerns 100 0.96 (3.41) 0.28, 1.63 0.18 0.006
FACIT-Sp12 100 1.03 (4.82) 0.07, 1.98 0.14 0.036
FACIT-Sp Meaning/Peace 100 0.47 (3.71) −0.26, 1.21 0.09 0.204
FACIT-Sp Faith 100 0.55 (2.64) 0.03, 1.08 0.13 0.038
FACIT-Fatigue 100 1.64 (4.72) 0.70, 2.57 0.19 <0.001
  1. Effect Size (ES) = Mean Change/SD at Baseline.
  2. p-value is Testing Null Hypothesis that Change is Zero.