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Table 3 Participants’ aggressive behaviours, restraints, and regular antipsychotic medications

From: A randomised controlled trial of the use of aromatherapy and hand massage to reduce disruptive behaviour in people with dementia

  n (%)
Aggressive behaviours  
(can chose more than 1)  
 Verbal agitation 43 (70.5%)
 Physical agitation 53 (86.9%)
 Verbal aggression 25 (41.0%)
 Physical aggression 18 (29.5%)
Restraints  
 No restraint used 1 (1.6%)
 Physical restraint 1 (1.6%)
 Chemical restraint 9 (14.8%)
  Both physical and chemical 50 (82.0%)
Regular antipsychotic medicine  
 (1 or more could be chosen)  
 Risperidone 9 (14.8%)
 Haloperidol 5 ( 8.2%)
 Other (e.g. Temazepam, Zolpidem) 14 (22.8%)