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Table 1 Information on the plants used and report on evidence of their activities

From: Antibacterial activities of selected edible plants extracts against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria

Species (family); Voucher number* Traditional uses Parts used traditionally Bioactive or potentially bioactive components Bioactivities
Adansonia digitata (Malvaceae); 42417/HNC Analgesic, anti-diarrheal, smallpox, rubella [10], antipyretic, fever, dysenteria, anti-inflammatory, astringent [11] Pulps, Fruits, leaves, Pip, Bark / Ethanol and aqueous extract: Ec [12] Sa, Se, STm, Pa [13]; [14, 15] Hs [11].
Aframomum alboviolaceum (Zingiberaceae); 34888/HNC Diuretic, anthelmintic, fever, antiparasitic [16]. Roots Methyl (E)-14Ksi,15-epoxylabd-8(17),12-dien-16-oate; (E)-labda-8(17),12-diene-15,16-dial and (E)-8beta,17-epoxylabd-12-ene-15,16-dial [17] Hc[18].
Aframomum polyanthum (Zingiberaceae) 3981/SRFK / Fruits Aframodial [19]. Sa, Scp, Ha, Cu [19].
Anonidium mannii (Annonaceae); 1918/SRFK Spider and snake bites, bronchitis, dysenteria, gastroenteritis [20], syphilis, [21]; diarrhea, malaria [22]. Stem Prenylatedbisindole [23]. /
Bark
Leaves
Hibiscus sabdarifa (Malvaceae); 42795/HNC Diuretic, stomachic, laxative, aphrodisiac, antiseptic, astringent, cholagogue, sedative, hypertension and other cardiac diseases [24]. Flowers Protocatechic acid, [25]; [26], hydroxycitricacid. Ethanol, methanol and aqueous extracts:Ec, Pa, Kp, Hi, Sa, Spy, Sp, [27]. Methanolic extract: Bs, Ml, Sm, Cs, Bc [24].
Ocimum gratissimum (Lamiaceae); 42738/HNC Respiratory tracts diseases, diarrhea, anti-hypertensive, malaria [28]. leaves, Roots, Buds (β-caryophyllene,γ-terpinène, (Z)-α-bisabolene, thymol, p-cymene, eugenol, limonène, α-terpinolene, α-terpinéol [29]. Essential oil: Af, AB1, Hc [30]Ethanol extract: Ec, Sa [31].
Tamarindus indica (Caesalpiniaceae); 26326/SRFC Fever, gastric ulcer, diarrhea, jaundice [32], conjunctivitis, hemorrhoid, astringent, asthma, eye inflammation [33]. Fruits Bark / Ethanol and aqueous extracts: Ec [12]
  1. *(HNC): Cameroon National Herbarium; (SRFC): Société des Réserves Forestières du Cameroun; AB 1 : Aflatoxin ; Af; Aspergillus flavus; Bc: Bacillus cereus; Bs: Bacillus stearothermophilus; Cu: Candida ufilis; Cs: Clostridium sporogenes; Ec: Escherichia coli; Ha: Hansenula anomala; Hc: Haemonchus contortus; Hi: Haemophilus influenza; Kp: Klebsiella pneumoniae; Ml: Micrococcus luteus; Pa: Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Sa: Staphylococcus aureus; Sc: Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Se: Staphylococcus epidermidis; Scp: Schizosaccharomyces pombe; Sm: Serratia mascences; STm: Streptococcus mutans; Sp: Streptococcus pneumoniae; Spy: Streptococcus pyogenes; (/): not documented.