Skip to main content

Table 2 Diameter of inhibition zone (mm) produced by honey from the stingless bees Melipona compressipes manaosensis collected during dry and rainy seasons for different bacterial strains, using agar-well diffusion assays

From: Antimicrobial activity and rutin identification of honey produced by the stingless bee Melipona compressipes manaosensis and commercial honey

Collection season Honey dilutionc Inhibition zone of bacterial speciesa,b
S. aureus E. coli P. vulgaris S. sonnei S. paratyphi Klebsiella sp.
Rainy Undiluted - 15.6A ± 0.1 - 11.2A ± 0.2 - -
1:1 - - - - - -
1:2 - - - - - -
1:4 - - - - - -
1:6 - - - - - -
1:8 - - - - - -
Dry Undiluted 18.3A ± 0.4 16.1B ± 0.1 24.1A ± 0.2 12.4B ± 0.4 - 8.2 ± 0.5
1:1 12.6B ± 0.3 9.2C ± 0.1 20.3B ± 0.5 14.6C ± 0.2 - -
1:2 12.1B ± 0.2 - 18.2C ± 0.4 - - -
1:4 - - 15.6D ± 0.2 12.0B ± 0.1 - -
1:6 - - 13.1E ± 0.3 9.5D ± 0.1 - -
1:8 - - 12.8E ± 0.2 - - -
  1. a Values are means ± standard deviations of triplicate assays of three independent experiments.
  2. b Averages with a same letter indicate no significant difference (p < 0.05). c Diluted in bidistilled water (w/w).