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Table 1 Summary of the chemical composition of the remarkable plant families with abundant phytochemicals isolated

From: Cameroonian medicinal plants: a bioactivity versus ethnobotanical survey and chemotaxonomic classification

Plant family % of isolated compounds Remarkable compound classes (% composition) Genera studied
Apocynaceae 2.8 Alkaloids (54.4%) Holarrhena, Picralima, Tabernathe, Voacanga, Picralima, Rauvolfia and Plumeria
Bignoniaceae 3.1 Quinones (26.3%) Kigelia, Newbouldia, Spathodea and Stereospermum
Compositae 3.9 Terpenoids (54.1%) Chromoleana, Crassocephalum, Crepis, Echinops, Elephantopus, Eupatroium, Helichrysum, Microglossa, Senecio, Tithonia and Vernonia
Euphorbiaceae 4.4 Terpenoids (68.5%) Alchornea, Antidesma, Croton, Discoglypremna, Drypetes, Fontainea, Macaranga, Maesobotrya, Neoboutonia, Thecacoris and Uapaca
Guttiferae 10.1 Xanthones (37.5%), Quinones (26.3%) Allanblackia, Calophyllum, Endodesmia, Garcinia, Harungana, Hypericum, Pentadesma, Psorospermum, Symphonia and Vismia
Leguminosae 13.9 Flavonoids (68.3%) Cassia, Crotalaria, Eriosema, Erythrina, Guibourtia, Millettia, Tephrosia and Piptadenia
Meliaceae 4.5 Terpenoids (74.4%) Carapa, Entandrophragma, Leplaea, Pterorhachis, Synsepalum, Trichilia and Turraeanthus
Moraceae 10.6 Flavonoids (39.7%) Antiaris, Artocarpus, Dorstenia, Ficus, Melicia, Milicia, Morus, Treculia and Trilepisium
Ochnaceae 3.2 Flavonoids (69.2%) Campylospermum, Lophira, Ochna and Ouratea
Rutaceae 6.5 Alkaloids (54.6%) Afraegle, Araliopsis, Basalmocitrus, Citropsis, Clausena, Fagara, Oricia, Oriciopsis, Teclea, Vepris, and Zanthoxylum
Sapotaceae 3.1 Terpenoids (43.2%) Butyrospermum, Chrysophyllum, Donella, Gambeya and Mimusops
Zingiberaceae 3.4 Terpenoids (70.1%) Aframomum and Renealmia