Skip to main content

Table 1 Plant species recorded in ethnopharmacological/ethnobotanical surveys in the Caribbean that were examined for their antimicrobial and antifungal activities

From: A screening for antimicrobial activities of Caribbean herbal remedies

Scientific name/(voucher specimen) Country/Traditional usea Local name Plant parts used/Preparation form Extracts yield (% w/w) Concentration of extracts (mg/mL) Concentration of extracts/disc (μg/μL)b
Disc 1 Disc 2 Disc 3
Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita moschata Duchesne (019344) Dominican Republic/skin burns auyama leaves/juice 2.5 50.0 50.0 25.0 12.5
Plantaginaceae Plantago major L. (019342) Nicaragua/kidney infections llantén leaves/decoction 1.4 28.7 28.7 14.3 7.2
Labiatae Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. (019352) Dominican Republic/otitis orégano poleo leaves/juice 1.1 21.3 21.3 10.7 5.3
Scrophulariaceae Capraria biflora L. (019353) Guadalupe, Marie-Galante, Martinique, Tobago/conjunctivitis Té péyi, paye, titi, leaves/decoction 5.6 112.6 112.6 56.3 28.1
Malvaceae Abelmochus esculentus (L.) Moench (019662) Dominican Republic/eye infections molondrón fruit/juice 0.6 12.6 12.6 6.3 3.2
Malvaceae Gossypium barbadense L. (019366) Haiti/otitis media koton leaves/decoction unripe fruit/juice 5.5 1.4 110.5 27.9 110.5 27.9 55.3 14.0 27.6 7.0
Malvaceae Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. (019535) Haiti/conjunctivitis choublak flower/juice 0.9 17.9 17.9 9.0 4.5
Pteridaceae Pityrogramma calomelanos (L.) Link (019372) Tobago/kidney stones or urolithiasis stamp fern, egyptian secret leaves/decoction 7.5 150.0 150.0 75.0 37.5
Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia trilobata L. (019609) fever bejuco estrella leaves/decoction 8.8 176.5 176.5 88.3 44.0
Commelinaceae Tradescantia spathacea Sw.c (019664) Puerto Rico/psoriasis sanguinaria leaves/decoction 2.8 56.0 56.0 28.0 14.0
Zingiberaceae Costus specious (J. König) Sm.c,d (019660) Puerto Rico/nephritis caña amarga, insulina leaves/decoction 2.4 47.3 47.3 23.7 11.8
Zingiberaceae Tapeinochilus ananassae K. Schum.d (019553) Puerto Rico insulina leaves/decoction 3.1 61.5 61.5 30.5 15.3
Myrtaceae Syzygium jambos (L.) Alstond (019663) Puerto Rico Pomarrosa del río leaves/decoction 2.1 41.8 41.8 20.9 10.5
  1. a) Reported in 20% or more of the interviews for a given ailment.
  2. b) Extracts concentration/disc: disc 1 - μg/μL in the re-dissolved lyophilized extract at the final concentration, discs 2 and 3 - μg/μL in 50% and 25% dilutions of the re-dissolved extract, respectively.
  3. c) As reported in the ethnobotanical literature in Puerto Rico to exhibit antimicrobial properties.
  4. d) As reported in ethnopharmacological survey in Puerto Rico as an adjuvant for diabetes.