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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics

From: Adjunctive naturopathic care for type 2 diabetes: patient-reported and clinical outcomes after one year

Demographics and Clinical Status ANC Cohort
n = 40 % or Mean (SD)
Usual Care Cohort
n = 329 % or Mean (SD)
P-valuea
Male gender (%) 60 % 54 % 0.50
Age, years 57.6 (7.6) 54.3 (8.2) 0.02
Years of diabetes CARE at GHC 7.2 (4.2) 5.8 (4.5) 0.07
Glycemic Status    
Hemoglobin A1c, % 8.0 (0.6) 8.1 (0.8) 0.56
#A1c tests in past 12 months 2.9 (1.0) 2.2 (0.9) 0.001
Lipid Status    
Total cholesterol:  HDL ratio 3.9 (1.4) 4.3 (1.3) 0.06
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 171.6 (36.0) 181.0 (41.2) 0.18
LDL-C (mg/dl) 89.7 (29.0) 98.1 (97.2) 0.18
HDL-C (mg/dl) 47.4 (13.3) 44.1 (11.2) 0.09
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 186.8 (118.2) 205.2 (141.2) 0.43
Blood Pressure    
% ≥140/90 mmHg 22 % 33 % 0.20
% ≥130/80 mmHg 40 % 60 % 0.02
Medication Use (%)    
Any 90 % 78 % 0.08
Metformin 80 % 39 % 0.002
Sulfonylureas 65 % 72 % 0.30
Other 0 % 1 % 0.62
  1. a P-values are for chi2 comparisons of proportions or comparisons of maximum likelihood means by unpaired, two-sided t-tests.