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Table 4 The IC50 values for the in vitro antiproliferation/cytotoxic activity of CHE fractions I - IV on five human cancer cell lines

From: In vitro antiproliferative/cytotoxic activity on cancer cell lines of a cardanol and a cardol enriched from Thai Apis mellifera propolis

Cancer cell
IC50 values (μg/ml)
  Fraction I Fraction II Fraction III Fraction IV Fraction V
BT474 ND ND ND ND 29.36 ± 1.36
Chaco ND ND ND ND 12.75 ± 0.68
KATO-III ND ND 13.69 ± 1.44a 40.16 ± 2.66b 15.21 ± 2.13a
SW620 ND ND 19.94 ± 1.83b 44.56 ± 1.89c 7.37 ± 0.23a
Hep-G2 ND ND 19.37 ± 0.36 ND 22.22 ± 0.69
  1. ND indicates no IC50 values were obtained since no significant antiproliferative/cytotoxic activity was found in this tested concentration range. Data is shown as the mean ± 1 SE from three independent repeats after a 72 h exposure to the test compound. Means (within and between columns) with a different lowercase superscript letter are significantly different (p ≤ 0.05; Kruskal-Wallis test)