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Table 2 Quantitative analysis of the phytochemical evaluated from the leaf of C. edulis

From: Antioxidant and phytochemical properties of Carpobrotus edulis (L.) bolus leaf used for the management of common infections in HIV/AIDS patients in Eastern Cape Province

  Amount of phytochemical compounds in (mg/g)
  Aqueous Ethanol Acetone Hexane
Phenols (TE/g) 517.71 ± 0.40 330.87 ± 0.04 b 557.11 ± 0.23 a 64.14 ± 0.15 b
Flavonoids (QE/g) 0.29 ± 0.01 b 0.28 ± 0.01 b 0.65 ± 0.04 b 1.19 ± 0.041 b
Flavonols (QE/g) 0.05 ± 0.001 a 0.05 ± 0.001 a 0.23 ± 0.05 a 0.19 ± 0.03 a
Proanthocy-anidins(CE/g) 896.7 ± 0.05 b 115.28± 0.007 a 753.87 ± 0.02 b 134.91 ± 0.01 a
Tannins (ND) 461 ± 0.07 a 489 ± 0.28 b 384 ± 0.14 a 64 ± 0.14 b
Saponins (ND) 34 ± 0.21 a 45 ± 0.26 a 11 ± 0.071 b 2 ± 0.035 b
Alkaloides (ND) 45 ± 0.06 b 38 ± 0.02 b 31 ± 0.021 b 3 ± 0.014 b
  1. Values are expressed in mean ± standard deviation of the mean (n = 3). ND: not detected; (TE) tannic acid equivalent; (QE) quercetin equivalent; (CE) catechin equivalent.٭Values within a column followed by the same superscript are not significantly different at 95% confidence interval.