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Table 1 Anticancer compounds of 50% ethanolic extract of fenugreek seeds identified by GC-MS

From: Fenugreek extract as an inducer of cellular death via autophagy in human T lymphoma Jurkat cells

Retention Time (min.) Compound Name Formula % of Total *Activity
8.54 4-Vinylguaiacol C9H10O2 1.36 Anti-edemic; anti-inflammatory; anti-prostaglandin; prostaglandin-synthesis-inhibitor
9.452 Eugenol C10H12O2 1.25 Antibacterial; anti-inflammatory; antioxidant; antioxidant; antitumor; cancer-preventive
10.463 Vanillin C8H8O3 1.52 Anticancer; antimutagenic; antioxidant; antitumor; antitumor-promoter; antiviral; cancer-preventive; fungicide; immunosuppressant
13.05 β-Bisabolene C15H24 1.25 Anticancer
13.488 Cedrene C15H24 2.91 Cancer-preventive
16.486 Zingerone C11H14O3 12.03 Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant
29.508 Gingerol C17H26O4 4.82 Antiemetic; anti-hepatotoxic; antihistaminic; anti-inflammatory; antioxidant; antiseptic; anti-thromboxane; cancer-preventive; cyclooxygenase-inhibitor; hepatoprotective
  1. *Source of anticancer functions of fenugreek constituents: Dr. Duke's phytochemical and ethnobotanical databases (online database).