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Table 3 Nitric oxide radical scavenging activity of crude extracts and fractions of 6 plants from the Mascarene Islands

From: Antioxidant, antiglycation and cytotoxicity evaluation of selected medicinal plants of the Mascarene Islands

Concentrations (μg/mL) Nitric oxide scavenging activity
  Crude water extract Crude methanol extract Dichloromethane Ethylacetate n-butanol Water fraction
100 1.23 ± 0.12 5.36 ± 0.94 3.46 ± 0.11 0.96 ± 0.09 7.68 ± 1.01 10.67 ± 1.37
  (59.39 ± 2.39*) (62.73 ± 4.67*) (33.26 ± 2.54*) (65.02 ± 6.49*) (65.56 ± 7.56*) (45.21 ± 2.98*)
  {59.63 ± 3.06*} {61.46 ± 2.39*} {54.97 ± 3.01*} {72.39 ± 3.36 *} {56.51 ± 4.08*} {56.04 ± 2.86*}
  [44.36 ± 3.56*] [47.78 ± 3.07*] [52.72 ± 3.24*] [48.97 ± 2.01*] [52.69 ± 4.01*] [55.24 ± 3.34*]
  ∫4.36 ± 0.68∫ ∫7.46 ± 1.01∫ ∫10.37 ± 1.39∫ ∫11.09 ± 1.09 ∫ ∫9.46 ± 1.13 ∫ ∫5.37 ± 0.98∫
  3.64 ± 0.18* 5.69 ± 0.54 31.34 ± 2.07* 22.36 ± 1.01* 28.69 ± 0.68* 5.78 ± 0.67
  0.56 ± 0.03 2.69 ± 0.64 1.69 ± 0.05 0.23 ± 0.07 6.49 ± 0.96 7.39 ± 0.96
50 (38.64 ± 1.69*) (41.31 ± 3.29*) (15.36 ± 1.06) (43.69 ± 5.46) (41.29 ± 3.69*) (21.68 ± 1.07*)
  {32.46 ± 3.67*} {40.16 ± 1.07*} {27.68 ± 1.07*} {42.09 ± 2.67*} {31.10 ± 1.37*} {29.76 ± 2.01*}
  [29.34 ± 2.31*] [23.67 ± 2.01*] [30.37 ± 1.69*] [27.19 ± 1.06*] [28.67 ± 1.06*] [30.19 ± 1.67*]
  ∫2.39 ± 0.59∫ ∫6.37 ± 1.00∫ ∫6.54 ± 0.97∫ ∫6.31 ± 1.01 ∫ ∫3.31 ± 0.67∫ ∫4.67 ± 0.64∫
  1.09 ± 0.0 2.36 ± 0.34 28.37 ± 1.37 9.37 ± 0.96 26.34 ± 1.01 3.67 ± 0.97
25 0.18 ± 0.02 0.96 ± 0.01 0.97 ± 0.03 0.19 ± 0.01 2.69 ± 0.31 4.19 ± 0.43
  (22.67 ± 3.67*) (28.46 ± 2.87) (7.09 ± 0.96) (26.59 ± 1.09*) (29.64 ± 2.98*) (11.37 ± 0.87)
  {17.19 ± 1.64*} {22.06 ± 1.11*} {12.08 ± 0.67} {28.19 ± 1.37*} {9.65 ± 0.79} {10.09 ± 1.04}
  [19.17 ± 1.08*] [10.19 ± 1.36] [11.37 ± 0.67] [13.19 ± 0.37] [10.36 ± 1.01] [27.19 ± 1.06*]
  ∫0.36 ± 0.37∫ ∫4.09 ± 0.64∫ ∫4.37 ± 0.36∫ ∫3.97 ± 0.63∫ ∫1.34 ± 0.52 ∫ ∫3.17 ± 0.52∫
  0.19 ± 0.01 1.94 ± 0.19 9.37 ± 1.07 6.54 ± 0.67 11.97 ± 0.67 1.67 ± 0.61
12.5 0.09 ± 0.01 0.23 ± 0.01 0.15 ± 0.01 0.06 ± 0.01 0.37 ± 0.01 2.64 ± 0.19
  (12.19 ± 1.15) (19.29 ± 1.39*) (1.23 ± 0.13) (10.69 ± 0.69) (18.67 ± 1.08*) (5.36 ± 0.36)
  {9.86 ± 0.97} {10.36 ± 0.67} {4.89 ± 0.55} {12.67 ± 0.68} {2.98 ± 0.32} {6.17 ± 0.63}
  [9.68 ± 1.23] [6.45 ± 0.37] [4.67 ± 0.23] [7.09 ± 0.22] [6.98 ± 0.67] [11.09 ± 0.37]
  ∫0.09 ± 0.02∫ ∫2.19 ± 0.34∫ ∫1.09 ± 0.23∫ ∫0.67 ± 0.23∫ ∫0.67 ± 0.03∫ ∫0.96 ± 0.09∫
  0.00 ± 0.00 0.37 ± 0.09 2.39 ± 0.23 3.67 ± 0.54 6.37 ± 0.37 0.98 ± 0.09
  1. Note. Values are means ± SD of three independent experiments. EM (AM) {FF} [OT] ∫PS∫ MC. *Values significantly different (p < 0.05) from the control in each group.