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Table 4 Effect of LME on lung morphology

From: Protective effect of Launaea procumbens (L.) on lungs against CCl4-induced pulmonary damages in rat

Treatment A b DCT DEF CBC ABC PE PF
Control - - - - - - -
Olive oil + DMSO - - - - - - -
3 ml/kg CCl4 +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ ++
100 mg/kg LME + CCl4 −/+ - - −/+ - - -
200 mg/kg LME + CCl4 - - - - - −/+ -
50 mg/kg RT + CCl4 −/+ - - - - - -
  1. -, normal; +/−, mild; +++, severe disruption.
  2. AB (alveolar breakage), DCT (degeneration of connective tissue), DEF (damages of elastic fiber), CBC (congestion of blood capillaries), ABC (aggregation of blood cells), DIEAB (disorganized inner epithelium of alveolar bronchiole, PE (pulmonary edema), PF (pulmonary fibrosis.