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Table 3 Characteristics of participants in different Sasang constitutional groups

From: Suggestion of new possibilities in approaching individual variability in appetite through constitutional typology: a pilot study

  SY type TE type SE type p-value
  (n = 9) (n = 9) (n = 10)  
Age (year) 23.0 (20.0, 27.0) 22.0 (20.0, 24.0) 22.5 (20.0, 25.0) 0.975
Height (cm) 178.2 (165.1, 187.7) 178.5 (166.8, 182.6) 175.2 (163.8, 184.3) 0.414
Weight (kg) 71.4 (58.9, 76.4) a 72.1 (63.5, 76.2) a 61.2 (55.1, 67.7) b 0.003
Body mass index (kg/m2) 21.6 (20.2, 23.0) b 22.5 (21.9, 23.0) a 20.0 (18.6, 21.7) c 0.000
Waist circumference (cm) 77.5 (69.8, 85.0) 82.0 (74.8, 84.3) 76.5 (69.5, 79.0) 0.059
Hip circumference (cm) 95.5 (85.7, 100.0) 96.5 (92.5, 102.5) 93.4 (85.5, 99.0) 0.096
Pulse rate (/min) 78.0 (66.0, 84.0) 72.0 (66.0, 84.0) 72.0 (60.0, 84.0) 0.319
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 105.0 (85.0, 135.0) 117.5 (95.0, 135.0) 102.5 (95.0, 110.0) 0.257
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 70.0 (60.0, 85.0) 70.0 (60.0, 85.0) 70.0 (50.0, 75.0) 0.683
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 85.0 (77.0, 91.0) 89.0 (78.0, 101.0) 83.0 (79.0, 92.0) 0.354
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 66.0 (32.0, 95.0) 61.0 (31.0, 230.0) 57.5 (41.0, 136.0) 0.841
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 147.0 (130.0, 180.0) 148.0 (102.0, 187.0) 148.0 (119.0, 174.0) 0.944
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 56.0 (42.0, 70.0) 57.0 (37.0, 79.0) 59.0 (50.0, 79.0) 0.758
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 89.0 (79.0, 111.0) 79.0 (58.0, 121.0) 83.5 (53.0, 116.0) 0.520
Insulin (µU/mL)   5.6 (3.7, 10.1) 7.1 (3.5, 18.1) 7.4 (4.4, 18.7) 0.494
HOMA-IR 1.1 (0.7, 2.1) 1.5 (0.7, 4.1) 1.4 (0.8, 4.2) 0.483
KEAT-26 3.0 (0.0, 13.0) 0.0 (0.0, 12.0) 3.5 (0.0, 10.0) 0.232
BULIT-R 47.0 (31.0, 87.0) ab 45.0 (31.0, 54.0) a 38.5 (31.0, 44.0) b 0.037
DEBQ Restraint 24.0 (17.0, 37.0) 25.0 (12.0, 34.0) 15.0 (11.0, 25.0) 0.044
  Emotional 19.0 (13.0, 50.0) 23.0 (13.0, 34.0) 13.5 (13.0, 18.0) 0.060
  External 32.0 (19.0, 45.0) 28.0 (25.0, 36.0) 25.0 (14.0, 37.0) 0.396
GSRS 3.0 (1.0, 6.0) 3.0 (0.0, 7.0) 2.5 (0.0, 9.0) 0.677
  1. All values are presented as median (minimum, maximum).
  2. abc Values in the same row that are marked with different superscript alphabets are significantly different (p <0.017).
  3. HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; KEAT-26, the Korean Version of Eating Attitude Test-26; BULIT-R, Bulimia Test Revised; DEBQ, Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire; GSRS, Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale.