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Table 4 Frequencies of used CAM treatments

From: Attitudes towards complementary and alternative medicine in chronic pain syndromes: a questionnaire-based comparison between primary headache and low back pain

  Headache (n = 353) LBP (n = 177) p value
Pharmacological CAM    
High-dose megavitamins; n (%) 32 (9.1) 40 (22.7) < .001
Herbal medicine; n (%) 24 (6.8) 23 (13.1) n.s.
Homeopathy; n (%) 100 (28.3) 21 (11.9) < .001
Non-pharmacological CAM    
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS); n (%) 81 (22.9) 28 (15.8) n.s.
Thermotherapy (Fango); n (%) 103 (29.2) 137 (77.4) < .001
Acupuncture; n (%) 252 (71.4) 91 (51.4) < .001
Manual Therapy; n (%)b 66 (18.7) 80 (45.2) < .001
Massages; n (%) 199 (56.4) 111 (62.7) n.s.
Magnetic field; n (%) 0 29 (16.4) < .001
Kinesio-taping; n (%) a 10 (5.6)  
Osteopathy; n (%) a 10 (5.6)  
Traditional Chinese medicine; n (%) 41 (11.6) 15 (8.5) n.s.
Othersb 46 (13) 31 (17.5) n.s.
  1. a not applicable
  2. b (e.g. diets, music therapy, oxygen therapy, psychofonia, meditation, climate therapy); n (%)