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Table 3 Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of A. moschatus extracts against the microorganisms by micro-dilution broth assay

From: Evaluation of Abelmoschus moschatus extracts for antioxidant, free radical scavenging, antimicrobial and antiproliferative activities using in vitro assays

Microorganisms Seed extracts* Leaf extracts* Standard
  AMS -I AMS-II AMS -III AMS - IV AML - I AML-II AML-III AML-IV  
Gram-positive Bacteria
B. subtilis
ATCC 5740
101.6 ± 10.2 NA NA 243.5 ± 7.2 NA NA NA 91.7 ± 2.0 75.3 ± 2.3a
S. aureus
ATCC 25923
109.6 ± 8.3 323.4 ± 7.1 497.1 ± 6.2 352.5 ± 12.1 NA 195.6 ± 3.3 197.3 ± 4.6 92.0 ± 4.1 65.3 ± 3.7a
Gram-negative Bacteria
E. coli
ATCC 25922
406.41 ± 11.3 948.9 ± 5.4 1543.3 ± 6.4 935.8 ± 2.4 244.4 ± 3.8 195.6 ± 3.9 174.8 ± 9.2 184.2 ± 5.0 102.4 ± 4.7b
P. aeruginosa
ATCC-27853
109.6 ± 10.2 378.7 ± 7.2 485.5 ± 9.3 487.1 ± 3.2 240.2 ± 5.6 197.4 ± 5.0 197.3 ± 4.0 92.5 ± 1.8 67.67 ± 3.8b
P. vulgaris
ATCC 6380
401.7 ± 7.1 948.9 ± 8.4 1375.7 ± 11.0 974.3 ± 4.2 170.7 ± 4.1 195.2 ± 2.0 173.9 ± 2.6 102.6 ± 2.0 58.7 ± 2.9b
S. enterica paratyphi
ATCC 9150
296.7 ± 12.0 714.8 ± 8.8 1063.5 ± 12.4 944.3 ± 3.1 139.9 ± 2.2 194.9 ± 5.5 179.3 ± 4.2 128.6 ± 2.0 35.7 ± 5.6b
Fungi
C. albicans
ATCC 10231
NA NA NA 487.1 ± 3.5 NA NA NA 45.5 ± 2.2 10.7 ± 0.3c
  1. *Values are expressed in μg of GAE/ml; a: ampicillin; b: kanamycin; c: nystatin (μg/ml); Results represented as means ± standard deviation (n = 3); NA: No activity.