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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratio (adjOR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) from multivariate logistic regression models for visits to CAM practitioners for males in 2008 (N = 16311) and in 1997 (N = 16488), for females in 2008 (N = 20469) and in 1997 (N = 17587), and test of difference between the time points for males and females with Ratio Odds Ratio (ROR)

From: Changes among male and female visitors to practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine in a large adult Norwegian population from 1997 to 2008 (The HUNT studies)

  Male a Female a
  2008 1997 2008 vs 1997 2008 1997 2008 vs 1997
  AdjOR (95% CI) P-value 1) AdjOR (95% CI) P-value 1) ROR (95%CI) P-value 2) AdjOR (95% CI) P-value 1) AdjOR (95% CI) P-value 1) ROR (95%CI) P-value 2)
Age group
- Under 30
Ref   Ref     Ref   Ref    
- 30-39 1.0 (0.7-1.3) 0.912 1.2 (0.9-1.5) 0.204 0.8 (0.6-1.2) 0.359 1.2 (1.0-1.4) 0.068 1.3 (1.1-1.5)* 0.003 0.9 (0.7-1.2) 0.515
- 40-49 0.8 (0.6-1.1) 0.248 1.1 (0.9-1.5) 0.367 0.8 (0.5-1.1) 0.145 1.2 (1.0-1.4) 0.055 1.3 (1.1-1.5)* 0.003 0.9 (0.7-1.2) 0.495
- 50-59 0.7 (0.5-0.9)* 0.003 1.1 (0.8-1.4) 0.695 0.6 (0.4-0.9)* 0.017 1.0 (0.9-1.2) 0.655 1.3 (1.1-1.6)* 0.001 0.8 (0.6-1.0)* 0.044
- 60-69 0.5 (0.4-0.7)* < 0.001 1.3 (1.0-1.7) 0.092 0.4 (0.3-0.6)* < 0.001 0.9 (0.7-1.0) 0.091 1.3 (1.0-1.6) 0.022 0.7 (0.5-0.9)* 0.005
- 70-79 0.4 (0.3-0.6)* < 0.001 1.2 (0.9-1.7) 0.224 0.4 (0.2-0.6)* < 0.001 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 0.040 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 0.980 0.8 (0.6-1.1) 0.167
- Over 80 0.4 (0.2-0.6)* < 0.001 1.5 (1.0-2.4) 0.063 0.2 (0.1-0.5)* < 0.001 0.5 (0.4-0.7)* < 0.001 0.9 (0.7-1.3) 0.696 0.6 (0.4-0.9)* 0.026
Education
- Compulsory school
Ref   Ref     Ref   Ref    
- Middle level 1.0 (0.9-1.2) 0.778 1.2 (1.0-1.4) 0.065 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 0.263 1.2 (1.1-1.4)* < 0.001 1.1 (1.0-1.3) 0.023 1.1 (0.9-1.2) 0.401
- University 0.8 (0.7-1.0) 0.040 1.1 (0.9-1.4) 0.154 0.7 (0.5-0.9)* 0.014 1.1 (0.9-1.2) 0.320 1.0 (0.9-1.2) 0.656 1.0 (0.9-1.2) 0.740
Marital status
- Married/cohabiting
Ref   Ref     Ref   Ref    
- Single 0.7 (0.6-0.9)* 0.001 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 0.274 0.8 (0.6-1.1) 0.110 1.0 (0.8-1.1) 0.642 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.829 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.884
- Divorced/separated 0.9 (0.7-1.3) 0.684 1.4 (1.0-1.9) 0.033 0.7 (0.4-1.0) 0.075 1.0 (0.9-1.2) 0.807 1.1 (0.9-1.3) 0.551 1.0 (0.7-1.3) 0.756
- Widow(er) 1.7 (1.1-2.6)* 0.009 1.0 (0.6-1.4) 0.819 1.8 (1.0-3.2)* 0.048 1.1 (0.9-1.3) 0.523 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 0.231 1.2 (0.9-1.6) 0.187
Currently working 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.886 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.983 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 0.935 1.2 (1.1-1.4)* < 0.001 1.1 (1.0-1.3) 0.053 1.1 (0.9-1.3) 0.296
Current lifestyle:
- Daily smoker
0.7 (0.6-0.9)* < 0.001 0.7 (0.6-0.8)* < 0.001 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 0.816 0.9 (0.8-0.9)* 0.001 0.8 (0.7-0.8)* < 0.001 1.1 (1.0-1.3) 0.090
- Hard physical activity 1.3 (1.1-1.5)* < 0.001 0.9 (0.8-1.1) 0.547 1.4 (1.1-1.8)* 0.011 1.1 (1.0-1.2) 0.084 1.1 (0.9-1.3) 0.288 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.985
Global Health:
- Very good
Ref   Ref     Ref   Ref    
- Good 1.3 (1.1-1.6)* 0.009 1.4 (1.1-1.8)* 0.002 0.9 (0.7-1.2) 0.570 1.4 (1.2-1.6)* < 0.001 1.5 (1.3-1.8)* < 0.001 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 0.340
- Fair 2.0 (1.6-2.6)* < 0.001 2.4 (1.8-3.1)* < 0.001 0.8 (0.6-1.2) 0.379 1.8 (1.5-2.1)* < 0.001 2.5 (2.1-3.0)* < 0.001 0.7 (0.5-0.9)* 0.003
- Poor 2.9 (1.9-4.5)* < 0.001 3.8 (2.5-5.9)* < 0.001 0.8 (0.4-1.4) 0.382 2.5 (1.8-3.4)* < 0.001 3.5 (2.5-4.9)* < 0.001 0.7 (0.4-1.1) 0.139
Anxiety and depression
- 0-4
Ref   Ref     Ref   Ref    
- 5-9 0.9 (0.8-1.1) 0.322 0.9 (0.8-1.1) 0.409 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.981 1.1 (1.0-1.2) 0.017 1.1 (1.0-1.3) 0.020 1.0 (0.8-1.1) 0.821
- 10-14 1.0 (0.8-1.1) 0.619 1.1 (0.9-1.3) 0.511 0.9 (0.7-1.2) 0.412 1.2 (1.1-1.4)* < 0.001 1.3 (1.1-1.5)* < 0.001 0.9 (0.8-1.1) 0.482
- 15-19 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 0.908 1.1 (0.9-1.5) 0.271 0.9 (0.6-1.2) 0.465 1.3 (1.2-1.5)* < 0.001 1.5 (1.2-1.7)* < 0.001 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 0.376
- 20 and higher 0.8 (0.6-1.1) 0.198 1.2 (0.9-1.6) 0.279 0.7 (0.4-1.1) 0.093 1.1 (0.9-1.4) 0.215 1.3 (1.1-1.6)* 0.009 0.9 (0.6-1.1) 0.295
Recent complaint 1.9 (1.5-2.3)* < 0.001 0.9 (0.8-1.1) 0.267 2.0 (1.6-2.6)* < 0.001 1.8 (1.5-2.1)* < 0.001 1.0 (0.9-1.1) 0.787 1.8 (1.4-2.1)* < 0.001
Chronic complaint 1.4 (1.2-1.6)* < 0.001 1.3 (1.1-1.6)* < 0.001 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 0.698 1.4 (1.2-1.5)* < 0.001 1.2 (1.0-1.3)* 0.010 1.2 (1.0-1.3)* 0.043
Psychiatric complaint 1.3 (1.1-1.5) 0.011 1.9 (1.6-2.3)* < 0.001 0.7 (0.5-0.9)* 0.002 1.2 (1.0-1.3)* 0.005 1.4 (1.2-1.5)* < 0.001 0.8 (0.7-1.0)* 0.032
Diseases
- Asthma
0.8 (0.7-1.0) 0.048 0.9 (0.8-1.2) 0.501 0.9 (0.6-1.2) 0.368 1.0 (0.9-1.1) 0.834 1.1 (0.9-1.2) 0.431 0.9 (0.8-1.1) 0.462
- Hay fever 1.0 (0.9-1.2) 0.706 1.3 (1.1-1.6)* < 0.001 0.8 (0.6-1.0)* 0.015 1.1 (1.0-1.2) 0.017 1.3 (1.2-1.4)* < 0.001 0.9 (0.7-1.0)* 0.019
- Heart disease 0.7 (0.6-0.9)* 0.002 0.7 (0.5-0.9)* 0.001 1.1 (0.8-1.5) 0.496 0.9 (0.7-1.0) 0.072 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 0.366 1.0 (0.7-1.3) 0.805
- Cancer 1.1 (0.8-1.4) 0.570 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.867 1.1 (0.8-1.5) 0.578 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.974 1.2 (1.0-1.3) 0.018 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 0.163
- Diabetes 1.0 (0.7-1.2) 0.720 1.2 (0.9-1.7) 0.168 0.8 (0.5-1.1) 0.196 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 0.160 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.832 0.9 (0.7-1.2) 0.419
- Musculoskeletal disease 1.1 (1.0-1.3) 0.118 0.8 (0.5-1.1) 0.175 1.5 (1.0-2.2) 0.065 1.1 (1.0-1.2) 0.033 0.8 (0.6-1.1) 0.168 1.4 (1.0-1.9) 0.050
Visited last year:
- Physician
1.8 (1.5-2.2)* < 0.001 2.0 (1.7-2.4)* < 0.001 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 0.342 1.6 (1.4-1.9)* < 0.001 1.9 (1.7-2.1)* < 0.001 0.9 (0.7-1.0) 0.119
- Chiropractor 2.6 (2.2-3.0)* < 0.001 3.2 (2.6-3.9)* < 0.001 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 0.096 1.8 (1.6-2.1)* < 0.001 3.2 (2.7-3.8)* < 0.001 0.6 (0.5-0.7)* < 0.001
  1. A ROR above 1 indicates that the adjOR for 2008 is higher than for 1997.
  2. * p-value < 0.01 for each year and p-value < 0.05 for comparison
  3. a all variables are adjusted for all other variables in the model.