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Table 1 Summary of plants, parts used and extraction

From: Antibacterial activity of some selected medicinal plants of Pakistan

Plant Family Local name Occurrence in Pakistan/Collection site Traditional use Properties Part used (Kg) Method of extraction Extract obtained (g)
Aesculus indica Sapindaceae Jawaz northern western Himalayas/Lower Barian Taien valley Rheumatism, skin diseases, vein complications [10, 11] antioxidant and cell mediated immune response [11, 12] Leaves (1.5) Cold maceration 250
Arisaema flavum Araceae Marjarai sub-alpine regions/Kaghan valley Snake bite, scorpion sting [13, 14] Anti-proliferative activity against J774 and P388D1 murine cancer cell lines [15] Rhizome (5) Soxhelt extraction 250
Debregeasia salicifolia Urticaceae Ajlai, Chewr in Swat, salt range, Murree hills Peer Sohava Islamabad Urinary complaints Anti-proliferative property against MCF-7 breast cancer cell line [16]. Stem (4) Cold maceration 200
Pistacia integerrima Anacardiaceae Villanay Peer Sohava Islamabad Cough, phthisis, asthma, dysentery [17] Hypouricemic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant [1820]. Antioxidant, radical scavenging, and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities [21]. Stem (2) Cold maceration 400
Toona ciliata Meliaceae Mahanim QAU campus Islamabad Astringent, ulcer, fever, rheumatism, chronic dysentery [22, 23] Antibacterial, antifungal, and analgesic [2426]. Leaves (4) Cold maceration 200
Carissa opaca Apocynaceae Granda Peer Sohava Islamabad Jaundice, hepatitis, cough, fever, diarrhea [2729] antioxidant activity [30] Leaves (6) Cold maceration 200