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Table 4 Diagnoses by CAM user status (consulted with a CAM practitioner or not)

From: The urban-rural divide in complementary and alternative medicine use: a longitudinal study of 10,638 women

   Urban Rural Remote
Diagnoses CAM
non-user
CAM
user
CAM
non-user
CAM
user
CAM
non-user
CAM
user
   (n = 2,960) (n = 1,157) (n = 4,011) (n = 1,866) (n = 308) (n = 131)
Diabetes % yes 26 26 27 26 31 24
Arthritis ■ 1 2 % yes 34 40 35 41 33 36
Heart Disease % yes 6 6 7 7 8 7
Hypertension ■ 2 % yes 32 32 38 33 41 32
Low iron level ■ 1 % yes 30 36 28 32 26 34
Asthma % yes 19 21 19 21 18 20
Bronchitis/emphysema % yes 18 20 17 19 13 18
Osteoporosis ■ 1 2 3 % yes 11 15 9 11 5 11
Breast cancer % yes 5 6 5 5 3 4
Cervical cancer % yes 3 3 3 3 2 2
Skin cancer ■ 3 % yes 20 21 21 24 19 33
Other cancer % yes 4 5 5 5 4 3
  1. Note: chi-square tests used to test for statistically significant associations.
  2. Statistically significant association for CAM user status (i.e. ignoring place of residence) (P < .005)
  3. 1 Statistically significant association for urban residents (P < .005)
  4. 2 Statistically significant association for rural residents (P < .005)
  5. 3 Statistically significant association for remote residents (P < .05)