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Table 3 Sought help for symptoms by CAM user status (consulted with a CAM practitioner or not)

From: The urban-rural divide in complementary and alternative medicine use: a longitudinal study of 10,638 women

   Urban Rural Remote
Sought help for the following symptoms: CAM
non-user
CAM
user
CAM
non-user
CAM
user
CAM
non-user
CAM
user
   (n = 2,960) (n = 1,157) (n = 4,011) (n = 1,866) (n = 308) (n = 131)
Allergies, hayfever, sinusitis ■ 1 % yes 13 19 13 16 13 16
Breathing difficulties % yes 7 9 8 9 7 6
Indigestion or heartburn ■ 1 2 % yes 9 13 9 13 10 11
Chest pain % yes 6 7 6 6 6 8
Headaches or migraines ■ 1 2 % yes 6 9 7 10 6 9
Severe tiredness ■ 2 3 % yes 6 8 6 9 5 10
Stiff or painful joints ■ 1 2 % yes 15 26 18 25 15 18
Back pain ■ 1 2 3 % yes 12 31 12 29 11 29
Urine that burns or stings ■ 1 2 % yes 4 7 4 7 6 3
Hot flushes ■ 1 2 % yes 6 10 6 10 5 5
Night sweats ■ 2 % yes 5 7 4 7 4 5
Depression 3 % yes 8 9 8 9 4 9
Anxiety ■ 2 % yes 7 9 6 9 4 6
  1. Note: chi-square tests used to test for statistically significant associations.
  2. Statistically significant association for CAM user status (i.e. ignoring place of residence) (P < .005)
  3. 1 Statistically significant association for urban residents (P < .005)
  4. 2 Statistically significant association for rural residents (P < .005)
  5. 3 Statistically significant association for remote residents (P < .05)