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Table 1 Versions of the Self-Assessment of Change questionnaire

From: Developing a patient-centered outcome measure for complementary and alternative medicine therapies II: Refining content validity through cognitive interviews

  Negative Pole Positive Pole
Version 1 (v1) Not sleeping well Sleeping well
18 word pairs Dull Senses Vibrant Senses
12 cognitive interviews Depleted Vitalized
Dated 11.19.09 Suffering Joyful
  Exhausted Energized
  Scattered Focused
  Powerless Empowered
  Hopeless Hopeful
  Unforgiving Forgiving
  Isolated Connected
  Life has no meaning Life has meaning
  Have no Faith Have Faith
  Overwhelmed Resilient
  Closed-hearted Open-hearted
  Broken Healed
  Defined by my illness or problems Not defined by my illness or problems
  Not on a spiritual path On a spiritual path
  My body does not recover quickly My body recovers quickly
Version 2 (v2) Not sleeping well Sleeping well
18 word pairs Dull Senses Vibrant Senses
6 cognitive interviews Depleted Vitalized
Dated 2.8.10 Suffering Joyful
  Exhausted Energized
  Scattered Focused
  Powerless Empowered
  Hopeless Hopeful
  Unforgiving Forgiving
  Isolated Connected
  Life has no meaning Life has meaning
  Sad* Happy*
  Overwhelmed Resilient
  Closed-hearted Open-hearted
  Broken Healed
  Defined by my illness or problems Not defined by my illness or problems
  Anxious* Calm*
  My body does not recover quickly My body recovers quickly
Version 3 (v3) Not sleeping well Sleeping well
15 word pairs Dull Senses Vibrant Senses
3 cognitive interviews Exhausted Energized
Dated 3.8.10 Scattered Focused
  Helpless Empowered
  Hopeless Hopeful
  Blaming* Letting go*
  Isolated Connected
  Very Sad* Joyful
  Overwhelmed Coping Well
  Closed-hearted Open-hearted
  Broken Whole*
  Defined by my illness or problems Not defined by my illness or problems
  Anxious Calm
  My body does not recover quickly My body recovers quickly
Version 4 (v4) Not sleeping well Sleeping well
15 word pairs Exhausted Energized
4 cognitive interviews Dull Senses Vibrant Senses
Dated 4.13.10 Scattered Focused
  Helpless Empowered
  Overwhelmed Coping Well
  Hopeless Hopeful
  Blaming Letting Go
  Closed-hearted Open-hearted
  Isolated Connected
  Depressed* Joyful
  Anxious Calm
  My body does not recover quickly My body recovers quickly
  Broken Whole
  Defined by my illness or problems Not defined by my illness or problems
Version 5 (v5) Not sleeping well Sleeping well
16 word pairs Exhausted Energized
3 cognitive interviews Dull Senses Vibrant Senses
Dated 4.26.10 Scattered Focused
Finalized 5.10.10 Stuck* Letting Go
  Overwhelmed Empowered
  Hopeless Hopeful
  Blaming Forgiving
  Closed-hearted Open-hearted
  Isolated Connected
  Depressed Joyful
  Anxious Calm
  My body does not recover quickly My body recovers quickly
  Broken Whole
  Defined by my illness or problems Not defined by my illness or problems
  Unbalanced* Balanced*
  1. * indicates items changed from the previous version of the questionnaire