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Table 1 Changes from Baseline in Average Autonomic Nervous System Activity and Psycho-emotional State for Non-tactile NVCC, Tactile NVCC, and Follow-up Rest in 6 healthy subjects

From: Non-verbal communication of compassion: measuring psychophysiologic effects

Measure 1. Baseline
Mean (± SEM)
10 minutes
2. Change with Non-tactile NVCC
Mean (± SEM)
10 minutes
3. Change with Tactile NVCC
Mean (± SEM)
10 minutes
4. Rest
Mean (± SEM)
10 minutes
Autonomic Data
RR
(breaths per minute)
15.33 (± 1.67) - 4.34 (± 0.18)*** -3.55 (± 0.11) *** -1.36 (± 0.15) ***
Other Autonomic Measures
HR
(beats per minute)
73.93 (± 0.22) -1.63 (± 0.16)*** -2.94 (± 0.32)*** -4.40 (± 0.34)***
HRV: Total Power (TP) 761.8 (± 19.05) +225.7 (± 39.7)* +436.1 (± 64.6)** + 206.6 (± 49.6)
HRV: High Frequency 41.02 (± 1.14) +18.4 (± 2.7)* +12.9 (± 3.6)* +5.2 (± 2.7)
Skin Temp (Centigrade) 33.6 (± 0.004) +1.18 (± 0.01)*** + 1.95 (± 0.046)*** +2.28 (± 0.02)***
Psycho-emotional state: Visual analog scales with numeric anchors:
0 = not; 10 = very (relaxed, stressed, peaceful)
(± Standard Deviation)
Relaxed 3.8 (± 2.4) Post NVCC: 8.8 (± 1.2) *
Stressed 5.5 (± 3.2) Post NVCC: 2.2 (± 1.7)*
Peaceful 3.8 (± 0.8) Post NVCC: 9.0 (± 0.9)**
  1. Non-tactile NVCC - the practitioner practiced loving-kindness meditation while pretending to read a book
  2. Tactile NVCC - the practitioner practiced loving-kindness meditation while touching the subject on the hands, arms, shoulders, knees, and hips "to test the effects on the autonomic nervous system"
  3. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.0001