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Table 4 Phase 1: EMR-derived Clinical Outcomes

From: Acupuncture and chiropractic care for chronic pain in an integrated health plan: a mixed methods study

Overall use of health care services
Medication use (opiates, sedatives, hypnotics, and antidepressants)
Pain-related procedures (injections, imaging, surgery)
Pain-related visits (primary and specialty care)
Emergency room/Urgent care visits
Evidence of sleep problems
Adverse events attributed to conventional, acupuncture, or chiropractic care treatment for chronic musculoskeletal pain
Mood disorder diagnoses (depression, anxiety)